Once, when Mnesistratus accused him of denying that Ptolemy was a king, he said to him, "That Ptolemy was a man with such and such qualities, and a king." 178 G 3 he wrote the following books. Two on the world; one on the Elements of seed; one on Fortune; one on the Smallest Things; one on Atoms and Phantoms; one on the senses; five conversations about Heracleitus ; one on Ethical Arrangement; one on Duty; one on Appetite; two on the. Life of chrysippus 179 G 1 Chrysippus was the son of Apollonius, and a native of either Soli or Tarsus, as Alexander tells us in his Successions; and he was a pupil of Cleanthes. Previously he used to practise running as a public runner; then he became a pupil of Zenon or of Cleanthes, as diocles and the generality of authors say, and while he was still living he abandoned him, and became a very eminent philosopher. 2 he was a man of great natural ability, and of great acuteness in every way, so that in many points he dissented from Zenon, and also from Cleanthes, to whom he often used to say that he only wanted to be instructed in the. But whenever he opposed him with any vehemence, he always repented, so that he used frequently to say in parody of Euripides, orest_540: In most respects i am a happy man, Excepting where Cleanthes is concerned; For in that matter i am far from fortunate.
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6 These are his writings. 176 g and he died in the following manner. His gums swelled very much; and, at the command of his physicians, he abstained from food for two days. And he got so well that his physicians allowed him to return to all his former habits; but he refused, and saying that he had now already gone part of the way, he abstained from food for the future, and so died; being, as some. And we have written a playful epigram on him also, which runs thus: I praise Cleanthes, but praise hades more; Who could not bear to see him grown so old, so gave him rest at last among the dead, Who had drawn such loads. Life of sphaerus 177 G 1 Sphaerus, a native of the bosporus, was, as we have said before, a pupil of Cleanthes after the death of Zenon. 2 And when he made a considerable advance in philosophy he went to Alexandria, to the court of Ptolemy Philopator. And once, when there was a discussion concerning the question whether a wise man would allow himself to be teenagers guided by opinion, and when Sphaerus affirmed that he would not, the king, wishing to refute him, ordered some pomegranates of wax to be set before. But Sphaerus answered very neatly, that he had not given his assent to the fact that they were pomegranates, but to the fact that it was probable that they might be pomegranates. And that a perception which could be comprehended differed from one that was only probable.
And when Sositheus expressed his sorrow for having abused him in this manner, he answered him gently, saying that it would be a preposterous thing for dionysus and Heracles to bear being ridiculed by the poets without any expression of anger, and for him. He used also to say, that the peripatetics were in the same condition as lyres, which though they utter sweet notes, do not hear themselves. And it is said, parts that when he asserted that, on the principles of Zenon, one could judge of a man's character by his looks, some witty young men brought him a profligate fellow, having a hardy look from continual exercise in the fields, and requested. "I have the fellow now said Cleanthes, "he is a debauchee." 174 g he said once to a man who was conversing with him by himself, "you are not talking to a bad man." And when some one reproached him with his old age,. 5 And though he was of this character, and in such circumstances, he became so eminent, that, though Zenon had many other disciples of high reputation, he succeeded him as the president of his School. And he left behind him some excellent books, which are these. One on Time; two on Zenon's System of Natural Philosophy; four books of the Explanations of Heracleitus ; one on Sensation; one on Art; one addressed to democritus ; one to Aristarchus ; one to herillus ; two on Desire; 175 g one entitled Archaeology;.
On which account Timon says of him in parody of Homer, il_3'196: What stately ram thus measures o'er the ground, And master of the flock surveys them round? What citizen of Assos, dull and cold, fond of long words, a mouth-piece, but not bold. And when he was ridiculed by his fellow pupils, he used to bear it patiently. 4 he did not even object to the name when he was called an ass; but only said that he was the only animal able to bear the burdens which Zenon put upon him. 171 g and once, when he was reproached as a coward, he said, "That is the reason why i make but few mistakes." he used to say, in justification of his preference of his own way of life to that of the rich, "That while. And once, ariston heard him doing so, and said, "Who is it that you are reproaching?" and he replied, "An old man who has grey hair, but no brains." When some one once assignment said to him, that Arcesilaus did not do what he ought, "Desist. When a lacedaemonian once said in his hearing, that labour was a good thing, he was delighted, and addressed him in parody of Homer, od_4'611: Oh, early worth, a soul so wise and young Proclaims that you from noble blood are sprung. Hecaton tells us in his Apophthegms, that once when a young man said, "If a man who beats his stomach gastrizei, then a man who slaps his thigh mērizei he replied, "do you stick to your diamērizei, but analogous words do not always indicate analogous.
169 g and the judges of the Areopagus admired him, and voted that ten minae should be given to him; but Zenon forbade him to accept them. They also say that Antigonus presented him three thousand drachmas. And once, when he was conducting some you men to some spectacle, it happened that the wind blew away his cloak, and it was then seen that he had nothing on under it; on which he was greatly applauded by the Athenians according to the. And he was greatly admired by them on account of this circumstance. They also say that Antigonus, who was a pupil of his, once asked him why he drew water; and that he made answer, "do i do nothing beyond drawing water? Do i not also dig, and do i not water the land, and do all sorts of things for the sake of philosophy? For Zenon used to accustom him to this, and used to require him to bring him an obol by way of tribute. 170 g and once he brought one of the pieces of money which he had collected in this way, into the middle of a company of his acquaintances, and said, " Cleanthes could maintain even another Cleanthes if he were to choose; but others who. 3 he was then very industrious; but he was not well endowed by nature, and was very slow in his intellect.
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Afterwards, he attached himself to Aratus, whom he took for his assignment model. Having left Zenon, he turned to the cyrenaics, and became make a frequenter of brothels, and in other respects indulged in luxury without disguise. 3 When he had lived near eighty years, he died of starvation. 5 The following books are attributed to him. Two books on Apathy; two on Exercise; four on Pleasure; one on Riches, and favours, and revenge; one on the Use of Men ; one on good Fortune; one on Ancient Kings; one on Things which are Praised; one on Barbarian Customs. These now are the chief men who differed from the Stoics. But the man who succeeded Zenon in his school was Cleanthes, whom we must now speak.
Life of cleanthes 168 G 1 Cleanthes was a native of Assos, and the son of Phanias. He was originally a boxer, as we learn from Antisthenes, in his Successions. And he came to Athens, having but four drachmas, as some people say, and attaching himself to zenon, he devoted himself to Philosophy in a most noble manner; and he adhered to the same doctrines as his master. 2 he was especially eminent for his industry, so that as he was a very poor man, he was forced to undertake mercenary employments, and he used to draw water in the gardens by night, and by day he used to exercise himself in philosophical. They also say that he was on one occasion brought before a court of justice, to be compelled to give an account what his sources of income were from which he maintained himself in such good condition: and that then he was acquitted, having produced.
He also said that knowledge was a habit not departing from reason in the reception of perceptions. On one occasion, he said that there was no such thing as a chief good, but that circumstances and events changed it, just as the same piece of brass might become a statue either of Alexander or of Socrates. And that besides the chief good or end ( telos there was a subordinate end ( hypotelis ) different from. And that those who were not wise aimed at the latter; but that only the wise man directed his views to the former. And all the things between virtue and vice he pronounced indifferent. 2 His books contain but few lines, but they are full of power, and contain arguments in opposition to zenon.
166 G 3 It is said, that when he was a boy, many people were attached to him; and as Zenon wished to drive them away, he persuaded him to have his head shaved, which disgusted them all. 4 His books are as follows. One on Exercise; one on the passions; one on Opinion; the lawgiver; the skilful Midwife; the contradictory teacher; the Preparer; the director; Hermes ; Medeia; a book of dialogues; a book of Ethical Propositions. Life of dionysius 1 dionysius, the deserter ( Metathemenos as he was called, asserted that pleasure was the chief good, from the circumstance of his being afflicted with a complaint in his eyes. For, as he suffered severely, he could not pronounce pain a thing indifferent. 2 he was the son of Theophantus, and a native of Heracleia. 3 he was a pupil, as we are told by diocles, first of all of Heracleides, his fellow citizen; after that of Alexinus, and Menedemus ; and last of all of Zenon. 167 g and at first, as he was very devoted to learning, he tried his hand at all kinds of poetry.
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Thus, in an unbecoming search for warmth, Against your will, you've found out chilly hell. 9 There was reviews also another man of the name of Ariston; a native of Iulis, one of the peripatetic school. And another who was an Athenian musician. A fourth who was a tragic poet. A fifth, a native of Halae, who wrote a treatise on the Oratorical Art. A sixth was a peripatetic Philosopher of Alexandria. Life of herillus 165 G 1 Herillus, a native of Carthage, said that the chief good was knowledge; that is to say, the always conducting one's self in such a way as to refer everything to the principle of living according to knowledge, and not.
But Persaeus argued against this, and caused one of two twin brothers to place a deposit in his hands, and then caused the other to reclaim it; and thus he convicted him, as he was in doubt on fda this point, and therefore forced to act. He was a great enemy of Arcesilaus. And once, seeing a bull of a monstrous appearance, having a womb, he said, "Alas! Here is an argument for Arcesilaus against the evidence of his senses." 163 g on another occasion, when a philosopher of the Academy said that he did not comprehend anything, he said to him, "Do not you even see the man who is sitting next. 7 The following works are attributed to him. Two books of Exhortatory discourses; dialogues on the doctrines of Zenon ; six books of Conversations; seven books of Discussions on Wisdom; Conversations on love; Commentaries on vain Glory; twenty-five books of Reminiscences; three books of Memorabilia; eleven books of Apophthegms; a volume against the. But Panaetius and Sosicrates say, that his only genuine writings are his letters; and that all the rest are the works of Ariston the peripatetic. 164 G 8 It is said that he, being bald, got a stroke of the sun, and so died. And we have written a jesting epigram on him in choliambic verse, as follows: Why, o ariston, being old and bald, did you allow the sun to roast your crown?
nor one virtue under a great many names, as the megaric philosophers did; but defined virtue as consisting in behaving in a certain manner with reference to a certain thing. 5 And as he philosophized in this manner, and carried on his discussions in the cynosarges, he got so much influence as to be called a founder of a sect. Accordingly, miltiades and Diphilus were called Aristoneans. 6 he was a man of very persuasive eloquence, and one who could adapt himself well to the humours of a multitude. On which account Timon says of him: And one who, from Ariston's wily race, traced his descent. 162 g diocles, the magnesian, tells us that Ariston having fallen in with Polemon, passed over to his school, at a time when Zenon was lying ill with a long sickness. The Stoic doctrine to which he was most attached, was the one that the wise man is never guided by opinions.
Lives of: Ariston of Chios, herillus, dionysius of Heracleia, cleanthes, sphaerus and, chrysippus, previous sections (94-159) 160. G the following are the points in which some of the. Stoics disagreed with the rest. 1, ariston the bald, a native of, chios, surnamed the. Siren, said, that the chief good was to live in perfect indifference to all those long things which are of an intermediate character between virtue and vice; making not the slightest difference between them, but regarding them all on a footing of equality. For that the wise man resembles a good actor; who, whether he is filling the part. Agamemnon or, thersites, will perform them both equally well. 2, and he discarded altogether the topic of physics, and of logic, saying that the one was above us, and that the other had nothing to do with us; and that the only branch of philosophy with which we had any real concern was ethics.
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Diogenes laertius: Stoic Philosophers (. Sections 160-202, the lives of the Philosophers,. Diogenes laertius, is the most comprehensive ancient account of the lives of the early Greek philosophers. Book 7 contains the lives and doctrines of the Stoic philosophers. This translation london is. The section numbers in the Greek text are shown in red and the section numbers in the translation are shown in green. Click on the, g symbols to go to the Greek text for each section.