However, we do not have the numeric majority to form government. That's why we are asking the people on what.".11 pm: Modi praises Anna's determination after passage of lokpal Bill. Ahmedabad: Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra modi today hailed anti-corruption crusader Anna hazare's determination following the passage of lokpal Bill by the parliament. "Passage of lokpal Bill is a fitting tribute to the struggle and determination of Anna hazare. I pray for his good health modi tweeted this evening. He also congratulated MPs. "Passage of lokpal Bill in Parliament is a victory of the efforts of all Indians. I congratulate all our MPs on this momentous occasion he said.
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"The contribution of both the leaders of the Opposition Sushma Swaraj and Arun jaitley deserves special mention as they played a positive and proactive role in getting the lokpal Bill passed in Parliament he said. He also expressed happiness blast that Anna hazare has ended his fast after the passage of the bill. "It is a historic day in India's Parliamentary democracy singh said. 9.27 pm: Political class will rule lokpal, says aap's Yogendra yadav. Not satisfied with the lokpal bill passed by the parliament siskel today, aam Aadmi party leader Yogendra yadav said the bill was not in the form as asked for and the political class would continue to "rule the lokpal". "There are three promises made by parliament to Anna hazare that have not been fulfilled. The political class will continue to rule the lokpal yadav told reporters here. About hazare accepting the lokpal bill passed, yadav said, "I hope Anna realises the bill is not what he wanted but he has accepted. We do not accept the bill in this form.". To a query on the existing political uncertainty in Delhi after Assembly polls, he said, "I do agree we have the moral mandate.
Citizens group want lokpal Bill to absorb wider views. The business Line: The hindu, 24th August. E 19 Kannabiran,. Towards an informed pre-legislative debate on the lok pal Bill. South Asia citizens Web, 22nd August. 9.40 pm: Rajnath Singh literature congratulates MPs for passing lokpal Bill. Bjp president Rajnath Singh today gave credit to leaders of the Opposition in both the houses for passing the lokpal Bill. "The smooth passage of the lokpal Bill in both the houses is a remarkable achievement. Congratulations to all members of Parliament singh said in a statement in the backdrop of a clamour for taking credit for passage of the bill which has been pending in Parliament for several months.
Factiva database, 30th January. m 14 see also guha,. Outlook india, 1st October. px?278189 ; Mohanty,. Peoples movements and the Anna upsurge, economic and Political weekly, 46 (38. 16-19 for a class and caste-wise analysis of the hazare movement 16 Muralidharan,. Media as an echo chamber: Cluttering the public discourse on corruption, Economic and Political weekly, 46 (37.
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The argument that political participation (through physical presence alone) will automatically grant further political rights to women has been thoroughly debunked: Despite greater numbers of women participating in elections (47.73 of the total voters registered women only occupy 60 out of 543 ( of seats. Despite the political participation of masses of women who heeded Gandhis call during the struggle for freedom, they have yet to achieve political and social equality alongside men in Indian society. In practical terms, women participating in the hazare movement will have valuable, first-hand experiences of political mobilization, agitation and peaceful protest. Such experience can be channelled towards fuelling the demands for greater political representation for women. Whether this will happen remains to be seen. Bairavee balasubramaniam is currently a final-year PhD candidate at the University of Warwick. She interprets Indian parliamentary proceedings as performances made up of rhetorical and dramaturgical techniques embedded within interpersonal and institutional, rituals, ceremonies, norms and procedures.
She is part of a larger research group called Gendered Ceremony and Ritual in Parliament, also based the at the University of Warwick. Framing the post-colonial sexual contract: Democracy, fraternalism and state authority in India, hypatia, 22(4. (2007) For what is identity without a stake in ones country? 11 jayawardena 1996 in keating, 2007,. 12 Indo-Asian News Service. Public anger against graft expressed in marches across India.
Where are the orienting voices that ask or enquire: Are there feminized forms of corruption, or specific modes of corruption that involve or affect women in particular? What are the women themselves saying? Despite womens presence in the movement, there has (as of yet) been no attempt at generating a feminized, or even a gender-specific discourse on curtailing and preventing corruption. When women do speak out, the linkages between feminized forms of or specific vulnerabilities to corruption are not articulated verbally, and are only tenuously hinted. To understand why a gendered discourse on anti-corruption has not (yet) emerged through this movement, we must explore the terms of and critiques surrounding existing discourse.
Though the media has spent hours on talk shows featuring hazare (and his proponents, opponents, etc.) in what appears to be dialogue, the notion of corruption has become a convenient target onto which a whole complex of anxieties can be shifted, with debate largely focusing. The apparent public support for the movement (as reported by the media) and the strong claims that team Anna have made to influence legislative politics through extra-constitutional means have provoked responses from other long-time observers and participants in Indian politics. A 24-strong Citizens Group composed of academics, artists, lawyers, and activists such as Mohini giri (former Chairperson of the national Commission for Women) and Rajeev dhawan (constitutional-legal expert) have cautioned the Standing Committee of Parliament on the lok pal Bill against the significance afforded. The lack of a gendered discourse can be linked to the lack of measured public debate on the merits of the bill itself and the lack of discussion surrounding the legitimacy of hazares movement to make such claims. Final Thoughts In contrast to the expectations surrounding womens participation in the freedom struggle, so far no rhetoric observed in the hazarian movement specifically calls upon Indian women or makes them any political guarantees of equality through their participation. While the movement itself does not appear to be overtly patriarchal or inimical to the causes of womens advancement, at best, one notes a tenuous under-articulated sense that tough anti-corruption laws will somehow further the advancement of womens welfare. There is still ample room to discursively explore the gendered effects, dynamics and aspects of anti-corruption and their practical impact upon women in India. Gendering discourse in this fashion is a project that opens numerous avenues to increase womens political engagement with and within political institutions.
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Does the reviews movement implicitly or explicitly provide the promise of female empowerment or the feminization of anti-corruption discourse in any form? Will this constitute a platform for including more women into Indias political mainstream? A gendered night reading of the hazare Phenomenon. Since the protests began, the media has flooded the public domain with images of women wearing i-am-Anna caps, carrying their children, marching en masse alongside men. The resulting narrative is that the movement is truly representative, comprising of leading social activists, legal experts, professionals, students and, in some cities, even women carrying their children authors emphasis 12 as though it is exemplary to see women as equal participants in a moment. Another newspaper report described people waving flags, singing patriotic songs and getting their faces painted in the Indian tricolour while hazare supporters claimed that Anna has pulled off a miracle by cutting across the barriers of age and gender to make the whole country stand. What is conspicuously missing from all the academic and journalistic materials publicly available is a gendered analysis of the movements representativeness. There are of course, numerous images and videos showing women wearing i-am-Anna caps, hoisting flags, marching, chanting slogans. Womens presence in the movement cannot be denied, but how should it be read?
In a survey conducted by the Thomson reuters foundation, India ranks alongside the democratic Republic of Congo, pakistan, somalia and Afghanistan in being the most dangerous country in which to be born a woman. In political terms, Indian women occupy only 11 of seats in the directly-elected Lower house of Parliament, the lok sabha. Taken the together, these social, political and economic indicators point towards the betrayal of Indian women during the re-writing of the post-colonial sexual contract embedded within the Indian Constitution. Women who were consciously politically mobilized by (mostly male) political leaders to secure independence, were expected to return to their accustomed place,. Domesticized, feminized roles in the private sphere once the desired political transformation was achieved. The history, rhetoric and reality of the status of women in India, can be situated within this narrative. In light of this history, doesthe form and extent of womens participation in hazarian anti-graft movements merit our consideration? How is their role read or interpreted?
of In the constituent Assembly debates of 1947,. Renuka ray expressed her gratitude to gandhi whose call so specifically to the women to participate in the national movement broke down the social barriers of centuries. She was confident that when the men who have fought and struggled for their countrys freedom came to power, the rights and liberties of women too would be guaranteed. These were not merely rays words, they echoed the hopes and dreams of womens organizations across the country, such as the All-India womens Conference and the national Federation of Indian Women. Indian MPs, till this day, continue to use this rhetoric in debates on furthering womens political representation. Despite the plethora of socially progressive, pro-woman legislation that exists in India these promises and expectations starkly contrast the social, political and economic realities faced by Indian women. For instance, the practices of female infanticide and foeticide account for a highly skewed gender ratio of 933 females per 1000 males. Between 63-85 of married women in 4 heavily-populated Indian states suffer from anemia. Approximately 360 million people live below the poverty line in India; 73 of them are women and children.
Leading up to the lokpal Bill: Anna hazares three-decade campaign against corruption in India. Hazare and book his supporters have been calling for a law to establish an independent Ombudsman (Lokpal Bill) to tackle corruption, with the power to investigate any official, including the prime minister and judges. Anna hazare has been tackling government corruption in India for almost three decades. In 2003, Transparency International gave hazare an Integrity Award for his efforts and spoke to him about his thoughts on how corruption can be overcome. Public trust in the Indian governments ability to tackle corruption is low after a series of recent corruption scandals, according to the article. TIs own 2010 Global Corruption Barometer shows that 74 per cent of Indians think corruption has increased in last three years and that only 25 per cent think that their governments efforts to fight corruption have been effective. As discussions about the lok pal Bill heated up last month, our Chair, huguette labelle, recently gave an interview about the cost of corruption in India, and the importance of independent oversight bodies, see below: Share and enjoy: These icons link to social bookmarking sites. When Anna hazare was detained by the Indian authorities to prevent him from protest-fasting against the governments version of the lok pal Bill, he declared the beginning of Indias second freedom struggle. Though in an interview for The hindu, hazare claimed he did not consider himself the next Gandhi 2, the use of satyagraha (non-violent resistance fasting-as-protest and even the adornment of the gandhi cap are materially, discursively and performatively evocative of Gandhis freedom struggle.
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Yesterday anti-corruption leaders in parts India called on citizens to turn off their lights in the evening to protest the detention of more than 1200 anti-corruption campaigners in New Delhi, the new York times reported. The campaigners were detained following the arrest of well-known activist and Transparency International Integrity Award winner Anna hazare early yesterday morning. Local police arrested hazare at his home, according to the bbc after he vowed to go ahead with a hunger strike in a public park against corruption despite local police denying him a permit to hold the demonstration. The new York times said that the likelihood of a showdown became evident when hazare applied for a police permit to stage an indefinite fast. The police set 22 conditions for the protest to take place, six of which Mr hazare refused to accept, including a three-day limit to the hunger strike and a cap of no more than 5000 protesters. Transparency International India condemned the arrest of hazare and other anti-corruption activists as unconstitutional and a violation of civil liberties. The government has not been able to check rising corruption in the country and is trying to muzzle the voice of those who raise their voice against corruption. This is undemocratic and an injustice to the people of this nation. Anupama Jha, transparency International Indias Executive director in a statement.