It is advisable for tourists to make reservations well in advance as the major trains (Konkan Kanya, nethravati Express, etc.) are usually heavily booked. Trains from Mumbai and most other places have a" of seats set aside for tourists. quot; tickets must be purchased in person at the rail station by the tourist and cannot be booked via a travel agent. Note that" tickets are only sold at the station of origin. Tickets can be booked online Unless travelling on a shoestring budget, it is advisable to travel in air conditioned sleeper coaches. These are quieter and much more comfortable. Each bunk is provided with two freshly laundered sheets, a blanket, and a pillow. You can also have a hand towel on request.
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Many private players also offer bus connections to other cities, with varying levels of discounts and efficiency, with the two usually being inversely related. The main centre for booking train and bus tickets, in Panjim, is around the kadamba inter-state bus terminus. Tickets for the konkan railway can also be booked here, though expect long queues during the holiday season (which in India, can also coincide with the timings when children have a school break). By train edit Indian railways connects goa with direct train services someone from Delhi, mumbai, ahmedabad, mangalore, kochi, kolkata, thiruvanantapuram, bangalore, chennai and Hyderabad. The destination station is usually madgaon in south goa, one can also choose to get down at Thivim in North goa. Travelling to goa by train is a real pleasure as the route passes through greenery and many tunnels. Goa is also connected to pune via the belgaum Miraj line. A railway station most tourists tend to miss is Thivim, which is served by most trains and is located very close to the popular beaches of North goa. In case one had already booked a hotel, it would be a good idea to consult them on which station to get down. For budget travellers, this is the cheapest option, along with being faster and much more comfortable than report travelling by road.
By bus edit There are several bus routes from various cities, but most traffic is from mainly mumbai and Pune. Due to increasing demand from the south, there has been an increase in buses and trains from Mangalore and Bangalore. Overnight buses from Mumbai to goa are an alternative to trains and flying. Book entry in advance during the crowded seasons (particularly during the Christmas-New year rush, for Carnival, or when other Indian regions have school holidays when families travel). Kadamba Transport Corporation is the goa state-run transport service. Its buses have seen better days, and more efficient times. There are also other state-run buses run by the governments of Karnataka (some services are efficient, specially the volvo buses maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh.
A yellow pre-paid taxi booth can be found 30 metres on the left when you exit the main building. There is also a pre-paid taxi stand in the international arrival area. Official govt Rate taxi board (Official govt Rate taxi board (Taxi board is just outside arrivals. Those who want to make the trip to their hotel before the supplied coach may like to go by taxi, just outside arrivals there is a taxi board showing rates for biography all the popular destinations (see link). Another option is to find a taxi just outside the airport gates who might be on their way home and save yourself a few hundred rupees. Official govt Rate (2013). Many resorts pick up guests from the airport for free, so make sure you ask your resort for free pick-up.
Some airlines fly directly to goa, but most international flights arrive via mumbai. Air India has international flights to kuwait and uae twice a week. Air Arabia has discount flights to Sharjah. Qatar Airways has flights to doha, along with convenient connections to western Europe, africa and usa. Flights can be chartered to the United Kingdom, germany, russia and Switzerland. Many domestic airlines have daily flights to and from Bangalore, delhi, hyderabad, mumbai, pune, chennai, jaipur, ahmedabad and kozhikode (Calicut). On arrival, take pre-paid taxis from Dabolim Airport.
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Most goans speak konkani, english, hindi, and Marathi. Portuguese is also known by a small segment, especially the elite and earlier privileged class or the older generation which studied in pre-1961 Portuguese-ruled goa. Different languages tend to be used for different purposes in goa. Konkani is the most widely spoken. English and Marathi tend to be most widely read (most newspapers are read in these two languages too). Catholics largely use konkani for their prayer services, while the language for religion is largely marathi for Hindus.
The administration is largely conducted in English, which is also the language of publication of the official gazette, and the language mainly used in the courts. It can be rather mind difficult currently to learn Konkani, with options for learning rather restricted. The language is written in four to five scripts, in and beyond goa - devanagari (the official script roman or Romi (widely used in goa kannada-script, malayalam-script and Perso-Arabic, reportedly used by some muslim communities further south along the Indian west coast. Recently, books to learn Konkani in the roman script have also been published, making it easier for those not knowing the devanagari script (used to write hindi, marathi and other languages) that is the officially-recognized script for Konkani in goa. Goa can be reached via its sole airport (Dabolim by train, and by the many buses connecting the state with cities in India (primarily mumbai, mangalore and Bangalore). If you are travelling from Mumbai or Pune, car travel will provide you a journey through breathtaking scenery of the konkan area. By plane edit The dabolim airport in Vasco da gama is goa's only airport.
This book by Anant Priolkar provides a very comprehensive account of the goa inquisition, an important period in the history of goa. Isbn regions edit regions of goa by indian standards, goa is a very small state with only two districts -north and south goa. These districts are together further divided into 11 talukas. These divisions, however, don't make much sense for a traveller. North and south goa are similar, and each has its own "coastal" and "interior" areas.
The major division in goa is actually between the central coastal areas where the beaches are located and the hinterland. The coastal areas were under colonial rule for longer, reflecting more of Portugal's influence, including having a relatively larger Christian population. The interior is more hindu, and has more protected forest areas, mining zones and villages. Contrary to popular perception, goa is not an island, though parts of what was considered "Goa" in the past were cut-off from the mainland by the many rivers this region is known for. Panaji (Panjim, also referred to a ponn'je in Konkani, and earlier called Pangim and nova goa during Portuguese rule) the state capital Old goa, home of famed sixteenth century churches, convents and monuments Other destinations edit bondla park, entrance goa also has a number. Some of these are gateways to the nearby touristic areas. In addition, goa has some nearly 350 villages, often scenic and each having a character of its own. Beaches edit goa beach Map Wild life sanctuaries and others edit goa's state language is Konkani.
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Bars, restaurants and other shopping centres are more buyer-friendly. Major public or special holidays are around Christmas, republic day, id-ul-zuha, gudi padva, good Friday, independence day, ganesh Chaturthi (both days gandhi jayanthi, dussehra, diwali, id-ul-fitr, feast of St Francis xavier, goa liberation day, mahashivratri, holi and Id-e-milad. Banks may remain open during local religious celebrations. Expect a huge influx of tourists and locals residing in other states during festivals like ganesh Chaturthi and the carnival, which is celebrated at the beginning of Lent in the Christian calendar. It is advised to make bookings for trains, buses and flights well in advance if you intend on visiting the state during these times. Suggested reading edit goa freaks : my hippie years mini in India by Cleo odzer (1995). Cleo odzer writes about her hippie years in goa and her experiences. The goa inquisition by Anant Priolkar.
Fundação oriente delegation in assignment India 175, filipe neri xavier road Fontainhas Panjim goa 403 001 Tel : /2436108 Fax : Email : email protected / email protected Centro de língua portuguesa/Instituto camões agva house 9/32. Dada vaidya road Panjim goa 403 001 Tel : 6647737 Email : email protected Contact :. Miguel Lume fundação cidade de lisboa a dias building, 1st floor rua de Ormuz panjim goa tel : 2223969 Contact :. Jorge renato fernandes Indo portuguese Friendship Society santosh building near cbi office Altinho panjim goa tel : 2436875 Contact : Francis Menezes, President / Gopal Vernekar, secretary dempo centre for Indo-portuguese Studies Dempo Trade centre patto Plaza panjim goa 403 001 Tel : 2437849 / 50 Contact :. Isménia da veiga coutinho holidays edit for a state which has a lot of people passing through, goa has nearly two weeks of holidays each year. Government offices have a five-day week (closed Saturday-sunday). Panjim closes early (around 20:00) each evening, and shops here could have a fairly longish siesta break (from around 13:30 until about 15:30). Goan shop owners take this siesta break seriously, and no business is conducted during this time.
idols representing their Hindu deities. Over the years large numbers of Catholics have emigrated to the major commercial cities of Bombay and Pune and from there onward to east Africa (to the portuguese colonies of Angola and mozambique to portugal itself, and towards the end of the 20th century. Many old goan ancestral properties therefore lie either abandoned or mired in legal tangles brought about by disagreements within the widely dispersed inheritors of the property. In recent years, expatriate goans have been returning to their home state, often purchasing holiday homes along the coast (which are then converted into 'rent back' apartments, hired out to short-staying tourists by real estate agents). Travel season edit, the best time of the year to visit goa is mid-november to mid-February when the weather is comfortable, dry and pleasant. Goa's links with Portugal edit, apart from the consulates there are cultural organisations active in goa, with the portuguese again being most active. Fundação oriente has a large presence in Fontainhas, the latin quarter of Panjim, and sponsors cultural events that add variety to goa's cultural scene. However, it faced some major problems when it was first set. Goa's uneasy parting of ways with its former Portuguese rulers, and lingering ultra-nationalism amidst a section of freedom fighters could be seen as some of the reasons. The fundação has also been subsidising a book-publishing plan which has helped put out more goa-related titles in what is otherwise a small but colourful market for books dealing with a tiny region of south Asia.
Understand edit, goa is visibly different from the plan rest of India, owing to portuguese rule which isolated it from the rest of India for 451 years. The goan population is a mixture of Hindus and Roman Catholics, the distribution being approximately 65 Hindu and 24 Christian. There is also a smaller Muslim population. Despite this, communal violence has been virtually non-existent and goa is regarded as one of the most peaceful states in India. Culture edit, village scene, goa, goan culture has been shaped mainly by the hindu and Catholic population. People are mostly easy going sossegado' in Portuguese). With better connectivity by air and rail, there has been an influx of people from neighbouring states that has led to different cultures. Many Indians from other states have now come and settled here. Goan Catholics generally acknowledge their Hindu roots, and carry traces of a caste-system within their social beliefs.
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Location, flag, quick facts, capital, panaji, government. Indian State, currency, indian rupee inr area 3,702km. Population 1,457,723 (2011 estimate language, official: Konkani regionally spoken: Marathi, kannada, hindi, urdu spoken: Portuguese, religion, hinduism.7, Christianity.6, Islam.8, Other.9. Electricity 230V, 50hz, indian (Old British) european plugs. Time zone, utc 5:30, goa, a state on, india 's. West coast, is a former Portuguese colony with a rich history. Spread over 3,700 square kilometres with a population of approximately.8 million, goa is small by Indian standards. It has a unique mix of Indian and Portuguese cultures and architecture that attracts an estimated.5 million visitors each year (including about 400,000 foreign tourists). Since the 1960s, goa has been attracting a steady flow summary of visitors - first the hippies and returning expatriate goans, then the charter tourists (starting with the germans in 1987 pilgrims visiting Catholic and Hindu shrines, those opting to settle in goa as their home.