The plane carried twice as many passengers as it was designed for. 8 In less than 36 hours, 14,500 Ethiopian Jews were flown to Israel. 9 On, el Al received its first boeing 747-400. 14 31 El Al flights were inaugurated to the far East when? and, in 1995, El Al signed its first codesharing agreement with American Airlines. 14 In February 1995, the receivership under which the airline had technically been operating since 1982 came to an end., el Al recorded its first flight from Israel to Amman, jordan. 17 In 1996, El Al recorded US83.1 million in losses, due to the resumption of terrorist activities and the government's open skies policy. 14 to keep its planes flying during this period, El Al introduced flights "to nowhere passengers were offered various kinds of in-flight entertainment as the plane circled the mediterranean.
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17 clarification needed later on, flights to poland and Yugoslavia were started in 1989. 14 1990s edit In January 1990, north American Airlines began providing feeder services to El Al's us destinations. El Al held.9 percent stake in the airline until selling it back to dan McKinnon in July 2003. By this time, el Al was operating a essay fleet of 20 aircraft, including nine boeing 747s, and had begun replacing its aging boeing 707s with the boeing 757. Early that year, following the collapse of the soviet Union, el Al inaugurated regular flights to moscow. No airlifts from the former soviet Union were possible at the time but permission was granted in 1991. Charter flights commenced in August 1991, with immigrants also occupying all available seats on El Al's scheduled routes. In cooperation with Aeroflot, el Al flew more than 400,000 Jewish immigrants to Israel within a three-year period. On, an El Al boeing 747 cargo plane airlifted a record-breaking 1,087 Ethiopian Jews from Addis Ababa to Israel in the framework of Operation Solomon. Three babies were born during the flight.
All the airline's infrastructure in Iran was eventually destroyed. 14 El Al flights to cairo were inaugurated in April 1980, following the IsraelEgypt peace Treaty., golf after a long period of labor disputes and strikes, El Al operations were suspended. The government appointed Amram Blum to run the company, which lost 123.3 million in the fiscal year ending April 1983. 14 clarification needed The airline also sold its stake in Arkia at this time. 30 Operations resumed in January 1983 under receivership. The government purchased two new boeing 737 aircraft and announced plans to acquire four boeing 767 jets at the cost of 200 million. Within four years, El Al was profitable again. 14 It broke another record, since then surpassed, in may 1988 with a non-stop flight from Los Angeles to tel aviv, a journey of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) in 13 hours and 41 minutes.
In 1982 the newly re-elected prime minister Menachem Begin, brought before the Knesset a vote to ban Sabbath flights once again (it passed by a vote of 58 to 54). 29 Outraged, the secular community threatened to boycott the airline. In August 1982 El Al workers blocked Orthodox and Hassidic Jews from entering the airport. 16 In 1977 El Al established a charter subsidiary, el Al Charter Services Ltd., later renamed Sun d'or International Airlines Ltd. Two years earlier the airline had suffered its first losses since the late 1950s, largely a product of the global recession. The management changed three times towards the end of the 1970s, until Itzhak shander was named president. Clarification needed As the political situation in Iran deteriorated, El Al began shredder to airlift Jews to Israel.
One palestinian attacker was killed and others were convicted but later released. Between September and December of that year, bomb and grenade attacks occurred at El Al offices in Athens, west Berlin, and Brussels. 27 This wave of violence culminated in the failed hijacking of an El Al 707 by patrick Arguello and leila Khaled on 6 September 1970, as part of the dawson's field hijackings. S and 1980s edit revenue passenger-Kilometers, scheduled flights only, in millions year Traffic source: icao digest of Statistics for 195055, iata world Air Transport Statistics El Al acquired its first boeing 7Many who? felt it was a risky purchase given the high cost of the plane and fear of attacks, but El Al operations flourished after the purchase. Another boeing 747 was delivered in 1973 and was used to start non-stop service from Tel aviv to new York (El Al - boeing 707s had flown the eastward nonstop since around 1961). In the mid-1970s El Al began to schedule flights from airports outside of Israel that departed on the jewish sabbath and landed in Israel after it had finished. However, the religious parties in the government were in arms over this, being that this was a violation of Jewish law and contrary to the agreement signed in the early days of the state, in which El Al promised to refrain from flying on the.
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All these ventures brought in a profit of 2 million that year. S hijacking attempts edit see also: El Al Flight 426 hijacking In 1968, El Al experienced the first of many acts of terrorism that have been perpetrated against the airline. On 23 July, the only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft took place, when a boeing 707 carrying 10 crew and 38 passengers was taken over by three members of the popular Front for the liberation of Palestine (pflp). The aircraft, El Al Flight 426, which was en route from Rome to tel aviv, was diverted to Algiers by the hijackers. Negotiations with the hijackers lasted for 40 days. Both the hijackers and the passengers, including 21 Israeli hostages, were eventually freed. 22 The hijackers were said to have believed Israeli general Ariel Sharon was on the flight.
23 According to sarah help levy, it was the lubavitcher Rebbe, rabbi menachem Mendel Schneerson who saved Sharon's life, by advising him the night before to take a different flight. 24 On 26 December of the same year, two pflp members attacked an El Al aircraft at Athens International Airport, killing an Israeli mechanic. 25 The Israeli defense forces responded to the incident on 29 December, with a night-time raid on Lebanon's beirut Airport, destroying 14 planes on the ground belonging to middle east Airlines, trans Mediterranean Airways and Lebanese International Airways. 26 The military action was responsible for the demise of the lia, which had most of its fleet destroyed. Citation needed On 18 February 1969, palestinians attacked an El Al plane at Zurich Airport killing the copilot and injuring the pilot.
The advertisement, which ran only once, proved effective. Within a year, El Al's sales tripled. 20 1951 British mechanics residence permit for Israel - el Al worker. 1951 El Al pilot's early Israeli passport. Expansion in the 1960s edit despite the purchase of its Britannias and inauguration of non-stop transatlantic flights the airline remained unprofitable.
14 further explanation needed When Efraim Ben-Arzi took over the company in the late 1950s, the Britannias were replaced in the next decade by the boeing 707 and boeing 720 jet airliners. The first year that El Al turned a profit was 1960. That year, more than 50 percent of the passengers flying into Israel arrived on El Al flights. 14 On, the airline set a world record for the longest non-stop commercial flight : an El Al boeing 707 flew from New York to tel aviv, covering 5,760 miles (9,270 km) in 9 hours and 33 minutes. 17 by this time, el Al was carrying 56,000 passengers a year—on a par with Qantas and ahead of established airlines like loftleiðir. In 1961, El Al ranked 35th in the world in accumulated passenger distance. 21 El Al's success continued into the late 1960s. In 1968, regular flights to bucharest were inaugurated, and cargo flights began to europe and the United States. The airline also established a catering subsidiary, teshet tourism and aviation Services Ltd.
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On July 31 of 1950 the company celebrated first anniversary of its regular flights program. Kurdish Jewish Immigrants from Iraq leaving Lod Airport (1951) Bristol Britannia of El Al at Farnborough Airport in 1957 just before delivery to the airline The airline was involved in several covert operations: In the early 1950s, El Al airlifted over 160,000 immigrants to Israel. 17 In 1960, nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was captured and flown from Argentina to Israel on an El Al aircraft. 18 In 1955, after using Lockheed Constellations for several years, the airline purchased two Bristol Britannia aircraft. El Al was the second airline in the world to fly this plane, after the British overseas Airways Corporation. In 1958, El Al ran a summary newspaper advertisement in the United States featuring a picture of a "shrunken" Atlantic Ocean Starting Dec. 23, the Atlantic Ocean will be 20 smaller to promote its non-stop transatlantic flights. 19 This was a bold step: the airline industry had never used images of the ocean in its advertising because of the widespread public fear of airline crashes.
Later paid that year, El Al acquired Universal Airways, which was owned by south African zionists. A state-run domestic airline, israel Inland Airlines, was founded in which El Al had a 50 stake. 14 Curtiss Commando freight aircraft of El Al El Al's cargo service was inaugurated in 1950 and initially relied on military surplus Curtiss C-46 Commando aircraft. The same aircraft type was used also for passengers transportation in certain routes. Citation needed The same year the airline initiated charter services to the United States, followed by scheduled flights soon afterwards. 14 From its earliest days the operation of the airline in keeping with Jewish tradition has been a source of friction; when the Israeli prime minister david Ben-Gurion was forming his first coalition, the religious parties would not join unless Ben-Gurion promised that. 16 In El Al expanded its activities in Europe and added new destinations such as vienna and Istanbul, athens and Nicosia.
non-stop flight from Geneva to Israel. It departed from Ekron Air Base on 28 September, and returned to Israel the next day. After the flight, the aircraft was repainted and returned to military use. 14 The airline was incorporated and became Israel's national flag carrier on 15 november 1948, although it used leased aircraft until February 1949, when two unpressurized dc-4s were purchased from American Airlines. The acquisition was funded by the government of Israel, the jewish Agency, and other Jewish organizations. The first plane arrived at Lod Airport (later renamed Ben Gurion) on Aryeh Pincus, a lawyer from south Africa, was elected head of the company. The first international flight, from Tel aviv to paris, with a refueling in Rome, took place on 14 15 by the end of 1949, the airline had flown passengers to london and Johannesburg. A regular service to london was inaugurated in the middle of 1950.
4 5, although it has been the target of many attempted hijackings and terror attacks, only one El Al flight has ever been hijacked and did not result in fatalities. 6 7, as Israel's national airline, el Al has played an important role in humanitarian rescue efforts, airlifting Jews from other countries to Israel, setting the world record for the most passengers on a commercial aircraft (single plane record of 1,122 passengers on a 747. 8 9 El Al offers only kosher in-flight meals, and does not fly passengers on the jewish Shabbat or religious holidays. 11 In 2012, El Al operated an all- boeing fleet of 38 aircraft, flying over 4 literature million passengers, and employed a staff of 6,056 globally. The company's revenues for 2016 were.04 billion, totalling losses.7 million compared to a profit of 57 million in 2010. 12 13 Contents History edit early years edit In September 1948, Israel's first president, chaim weizmann, attended a conference in Geneva, switzerland. Weizmann was scheduled to fly back to Israel in an Israeli government aircraft, but due to an embargo imposed on Israel at the time, this was not possible.
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This article is about the Israeli airline. For the place in the golan formerly named El Al, see. For the airport in Spain, see. El Al Israel Airlines Ltd. tase : elal 1 trading as, el Al hebrew :, "To the skies" or "Skywards Arabic : - is the flag carrier of, israel. 2 3, since its golf inaugural flight from. Geneva to, tel aviv in September 1948, the airline has grown to serve over 50 destinations, operating scheduled domestic and international services and cargo flights within. Israel, and to, europe, middle east, americas, africa, and the, far East, from its main base. El Al is the only commercial airline to equip its planes with missile defense systems, and is considered one of the world's most secure airlines, thanks to its stringent security procedures, both on the ground and on board its aircraft.