However, peck suggested to wyler that he elevate her to equal billing so that her name appeared before the title and in type as large as his: "you've got to change that because she'll be a big star and I'll look like a big jerk.". In his review in The new York times,. Weiler wrote: "Although she is not precisely a newcomer to films Audrey hepburn, the British actress who is being starred for the first time as Princess Anne, is a slender, elfin and wistful beauty, alternately regal and childlike in her profound appreciation of newly-found, simple. Although she bravely smiles her acknowledgement of the end of that affair, she remains a pitifully lonely figure facing a stuffy future." 44 Hepburn was signed to a seven-picture contract with Paramount with 12 months in between films to allow her time for stage work. 45 She was featured on 7 September 1953 cover of time magazine, and also became noted for her personal style. 46 Following her success in Roman Holiday, hepburn starred in Billy wilder 's romantic Cinderella -story comedy sabrina (1954 in which wealthy brothers ( Humphrey bogart and William Holden ) compete for the affections of their chauffeur's innocent daughter (Hepburn). For her performance, she was nominated for the 1954 Academy Award for Best Actress while winning the bafta award for Best Actress in a leading Role the same year. Bosley crowther of The new York times stated that she was "a young lady of extraordinary range of sensitive and moving expressions within such a frail and slender frame.
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40 Life called her a "hit 40 while The new York times stated that "her quality is so winning and so right that she is the success of the evening". 39 She also received a theatre world Award for the role. 41 The play ran for 219 performances, closing on, 41 before going on tour which began in Pittsburgh and visited Cleveland, chicago, detroit, washington. And Los Angeles before closing on in San Francisco. Roman Holiday and stardom (19531960) edit hepburn had her first starring role in Roman Holiday (1953 playing Princess Ann, a european princess who, while escaping the reins of royalty, falls in love with an American newsman ( Gregory peck ). Its producers initially wanted Elizabeth taylor for the role, but paper director William Wyler was so impressed by hepburn's screen test that he cast her instead. Wyler later myself commented, "She had everything I was looking for: charm, innocence, and talent. She also was very funny. She was absolutely enchanting and we said, 'that's the girl! Originally, the film was to have had only Gregory peck's name above its title, with "Introducing Audrey hepburn" beneath in smaller font.
During her theatrical work, she took elocution lessons with actor Felix Aylmer to develop her voice. After being spotted by a casting director while performing in sauce piquante, hepburn was registered as a freelance actress with the Associated British Picture corporation. She appeared in the bbc teleplay the silent Village, 36 as well as minor roles in the 1951 films One wild Oat, laughter in Paradise, young wives' tale and The lavender Hill Mob, before being cast in her first major supporting role in Thorold Dickinson. Hepburn was then offered a small salon role in a film being shot in both English and French, monte carlo baby (French: nous Irons à monte carlo, 1952 which was filmed in Monte carlo. Coincidentally, french novelist Colette was at the hôtel de paris in Monte carlo during the filming, and decided to cast Hepburn in the title role in the Broadway play gigi. Hepburn went into rehearsals having never spoken on stage and required private coaching. 39 When Gigi opened at the fulton Theatre on 24 november 1951, she received praise for her performance, despite criticism that the stage version was inferior to the French film adaptation.
The van heemstra family was also seriously financially affected by the occupation, during which many of their properties, including their principal estate in Arnhem, were badly damaged or destroyed. Entertainment career edit ballet studies and early acting roles (19451952) edit After the war ended in 1945, hepburn moved with her mother and siblings to Amsterdam, where she began ballet training under Sonia gaskell, a leading figure in Dutch ballet, and Russian Olga tarassova. As the family's fortunes had been lost during the war, Ella supported them by working as a cook and housekeeper for a wealthy family. Hepburn made her film debut in 1948, playing an air stewardess in Dutch in seven Lessons, an educational travel film made by Charles van der Linden and Henry josephson. Later that year, hepburn moved to london to take up a ballet scholarship with Ballet Rambert, which was then based in Notting Hill. C She supported herself with part-time work as a model, and dropped "Ruston" from her surname. After she was told by rambert that despite her talent, her height and weak constitution (the after-effect of wartime malnutrition) would make the status of prima ballerina unattainable, she decided to concentrate on acting. 31 32 While Ella worked in menial jobs to support them, hepburn appeared as a chorus girl 34 in the west End musical theatre revues High Button Shoes (1948) at the london Hippodrome, and Cecil Landeau's sauce tartare (1949) and sauce piquante (1950) at the.
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Her family was profoundly affected by the occupation, with Hepburn later stating that "had we known that we were going to be occupied for five years, we might have all shot ourselves. We thought it might be over next x xt at's how we got through". In 1942, her uncle, otto van Limburg Stirum (husband of her mother's older sister, miesje was executed in retaliation for an act of sabotage by the resistance movement; while he had not been involved in the act, he was targeted due to his family's prominence. Hepburn's half-brother Ian was deported to berlin to work in a german labour camp, and her other half-brother Alex went into hiding to avoid the same fate. "We saw young men put against the wall and shot, and they'd close the street and then open it and you could pass by n't discount anything awful you hear or read about the nazis. It's worse than you could ever imagine." —hepburn on the nazi occupation of the netherlands After her uncle's death, hepburn, Ella and miesje left Arnhem to live with her grandfather, baron Aarnoud van heemstra, in nearby velp.
Around that time hepburn performed silent dance performances in order to raise money for the dutch resistance effort. 20 It was long believed that she participated in the dutch resistance itself, but in 2016 the airborne museum 'hartenstein' reported that after extensive research it had not found any evidence of such activities. 21 In addition to other traumatic events, she witnessed the transportation of Dutch Jews to concentration camps, later stating that "more than once i was at the station seeing trainloads of Jews being transported, seeing all these faces over the top of the wagon. I remember, very sharply, one little boy standing with his parents on the platform, very pale, very blond, wearing a coat that was much too big for him, and he stepped on the train. I was a child observing a child." After the Allied landing on d-day, living conditions grew ready worse and Arnhem was subsequently heavily damaged during Operation Market Garden. During the dutch famine that followed in the winter of 1944, the germans blocked the resupply routes of the dutch people's already-limited food and fuel supplies as retaliation for railway strikes that were held to hinder German occupation. Like others, hepburn's family resorted to making flour out of tulip bulbs junk to bake cakes and biscuits; 23 she developed acute anemia, respiratory problems and edema as a result of malnutrition.
12 Hepburn's early childhood was sheltered and privileged. As a result of her multinational background and travelling with her family due to her father's job, b she learned five languages: Dutch and English from her parents, and later varying degrees of French, Spanish, and Italian. In the mid-1930s, hepburn's parents recruited and collected donations for the British Union of Fascists. Joseph left the family abruptly in 1935 and moved to london, where he became more deeply involved in Fascist activity and never visited his daughter abroad. Hepburn later professed that her father's departure was "the most traumatic event of my life". That same year, her mother moved with Hepburn to her family's estate in Arnhem.
Sometime in 1937, Ella and Hepburn moved to kent, england, where hepburn was educated at a small independent school in Elham. 17 Hepburn's parents officially divorced in 1938. In the 1960s, hepburn renewed contact with her father after locating him in Dublin through the red Cross ; although he remained emotionally detached, hepburn supported him financially until his death. 19 Experiences during World War ii (19391945) edit After Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, hepburn's mother relocated her daughter back to Arnhem in the hope that, as during the first World War, the netherlands would remain neutral and be spared a german. While there, hepburn attended the Arnhem Conservatory from 1939 to 1945. She had begun taking ballet lessons during her last years at boarding school, and continued training in Arnhem under the tutelage of Winja marova, becoming her "star pupil". After the germans invaded the netherlands in 1940, hepburn used the name Edda van heemstra, because an "English-sounding" name was considered dangerous during the german occupation.
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Hepburn's mother, baroness Ella van heemstra ( was a dutch noblewoman. She was the daughter of Baron Aarnoud van heemstra, who served as mayor of Arnhem from 1910 to 1920 and as governor of Dutch Suriname from 1921 to 1928, and Baroness Elbrig Willemine henriette van Asbeck (18731939). 8 At the age of nineteen, Ella had married Jonkheer Hendrik gustaaf yardage Adolf quarles van Ufford, an oil executive assignment based in Batavia, dutch East Indies, where they subsequently lived. They had two sons, jonkheer Arnoud Robert Alexander quarles van Ufford (19201979) and Jonkheer Ian Edgar Bruce quarles van Ufford (19242010 before divorcing in 1925. 10 Hepburn's parents were married in Batavia in September 1926. At the time, ruston worked for a trading company, but soon after the marriage, the couple relocated to europe, where he began working for a loan company. After a year in London, they moved to Brussels, where he had been assigned to open a branch office. After three years spent travelling between Brussels, Arnhem, The hague and London, the family settled in the suburban Brussels municipality of Linkebeek in 1932.
She remains one of only 12 people who have won Academy, emmy, grammy, and Tony Awards. Hepburn appeared in fewer films as her life went on, devoting much of her later life to unicef. She had contributed to the organisation since 1954, then worked in some of the poorest communities of Africa, south America and Asia between 19She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of her work as a unicef goodwill Ambassador in December 1992. A month later, great hepburn died of appendiceal cancer at her home in Switzerland at the age. Contents Early life edit family and early childhood (19291938) edit audrey hepburn was born Audrey kathleen Ruston or Edda kathleen Hepburn-Ruston on t number 48 rue keyenveld in Ixelles, brussels, belgium. Her father, joseph Victor Anthony ruston (21 november 1889 was a british subject born in Auschitz, bohemia, austria-hungary. 3 a he was the son of Victor John george ruston, of British and Austrian descent and Anna wels, of Austrian descent. 5 In 1923-24, joseph had been an honorary British consul in Samarang in the dutch East Indies and prior to his marriage to hepburn's mother he had been married to cornelia bisschop, a dutch heiress. 3 Although born with the surname ruston, he later double-barrelled his name to the more "aristocratic" Hepburn-Ruston, mistakenly believing himself descended from James Hepburn, third husband of Mary, queen of Scots.
Tony Award for, best lead Actress in a play for her performance in, ondine. She went on to star in a number of successful films, such as Sabrina (1954 The nun's Story (1959 Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961 Charade (1963 my fair Lady (1964 and wait Until Dark (1967 for which she received an Academy Award, golden Globe, and bafta. Hepburn won three bafta awards for Best British Actress in a leading Role. In recognition of her film career, she was awarded the lifetime Achievement Award from bafta, the golden Globe cecil. Demille Award, the Screen Actors guild Life Achievement Award, and the Special Tony Award.
Belgium, england, and the, netherlands. In, amsterdam, she studied ballet with, sonia gaskell, before moving. London in 1948, continuing her ballet training with. Marie rambert, and then performing as a chorus girl. West End musical theatre productions. Following minor appearances in several films, hepburn starred in the 1951 Broadway play. Gigi, after being spotted by French novelist. Colette, on whose work the play was based.
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Audrey hepburn gps (born, audrey kathleen Ruston ; ) was a british actress, model, dancer and humanitarian. Recognised as a film and fashion icon, hepburn was active during. She was ranked by the. American Film Institute as the third-greatest female screen legend in Golden Age hollywood, and was inducted into the. International Best Dressed List, hall of Fame. Born in, ixelles, a municipality near. Brussels, hepburn spent her childhood between.