References edit kohlt, Franziska. The Stupidest tea-party in All my life lewis Carroll and Victorian Psychiatric Practice". Journal of Victorian Culture. Description of the retreat, an institution near York, for insane persons of the society of Friends : containing an account of its origin and progress, the modes of treatment, and a statement of cases. hauth, waldron (24 December 1983). "Did the mad Hatter have mercury poisoning?".
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Seen only in the hal institute (an asylum for criminally insane robots) the mad Hatterbot only says one line: "Change places! which all in the room comply with when spoken. The price tag on his hat reads "5/3 a simplified form of the fraction 10/6. A minor character, he has been in the episodes " Insane in the mainframe " and "Follow the reader" as well as the film Futurama: Bender's Game. Once Upon a time edit season 1 edit main article: Once Upon a time (season 1) season 2 edit main article: Once Upon a time (season 2) ever After High edit In the netflix episode "Spring Unsprung the mad Hatter makes an appearance as Madeline. In the 47-minute special, he runs the mad Hatter's tea shoppe in the town of bookend, not pdf far from Maddie's school ever After High. He also runs a shop by the same name in Wonderland, but it was abandoned after the evil queen (raven queen's mother) cast a curse upon the land. Shrek: The musical edit The mad Hatter plays a small role as a fairytale creature and has two lines including, "They ridiculed my hat" and "I smell like sauerkraut". The man who became a rabbit edit a burton's inspired Mad Hatter appears in "The man who became a rabbit" resume Music Video, an Indian version of Alice in Wonderland by valérian MacRabbit and Lalkrishnan. Mad Hatter becomes Mac Hatter and gives one riddle to the main character : "Spread blood on the birthday cake". See also edit please note that "nevar" is "raven" backwards and that Carroll deliberately misspelled.
The looking Glass Wars edit a spin-off of the real traditional Alice in Wonderland story, frank beddor 's The looking Glass Wars features a character named Hatter Madigan, a member of an elite group of bodyguards known in Wonderland as the "Millinery" after the business. He acts as the bodyguard of the rightful queen, and as guide/guardian to the protagonist, Alyss heart. Alice in the country of hearts edit The japanese manga Alice in the country of hearts has been translated into English. The hatter role is played by Blood Dupre, a crime boss and leader of a street gang called The hatters, which controls one of the four territories of Wonderland. Charisma label edit sir John Tenniel's drawing of the hatter, combined with a montage of other images from Alice in Wonderland, were used as a logo by Charisma records from 1972 onwards. Pandora hearts edit The mad Hatter in Pandora hearts manga series is a chain (creature from the Abyss) that was contracted by xerxes Break. The hatter basically looks like a large top hat with flowery decorations (similar to Break's top hat) and a tattered cape. When summoned, it can destroy all chains and objects from the Abyss within a large area. T futurama edit The tv series Futurama has a robot named Mad Hatterbot who is based off the hatter.
The character offers no captivatingly skewed bat-house psychology. There isn't much to him, really—he's just a smiling Johnny one-note with a secret hip-hop dance move—and so we start to react to him the database way that Alice does to everything else: by wondering when he's going to stop making nonsense." 13 Kenneth Turan. In this adaption the hatter is portrayed as the villain of the story, and Alice's alter-ego and is a mad woman who longs to be queen. She was played by nikki snelson in the original Tampa, florida production, and then by kate Shindle in the tampa/Houston tour, and the production on Broadway. Syfy's Alice edit This Hatter is portrayed as a smuggler who starts off working as a double agent for the queen of hearts and the wonderland Resistance in the story; over the course of the story, he begins to side more and more with the. American Mcgee's Alice edit In the videogame American Mcgee's Alice, the mad Hatter is portrayed as psychotic, literally gone "mad" and obsessed with time and clockworks, and considers himself to be a genius. He invents mechanical devices, often evidently using the bodies of living organisms for the base of his inventions, as he plans to do to all of Wonderland's inhabitants. He appears in Alice: Madness Returns in the same appearance, although this time, he requests Alice's help in retrieving his lost limbs from his former compatriots the march Hare and Dormouse.
10 In the film, the hatter takes Alice toward the White queen's castle and relates the terror of the red queen's reign while commenting that Alice is not the same as she once was. The hatter subsequently helps Alice avoid capture by the red queen's guards by allowing himself to be seized instead. He is later saved from execution by the Cheshire cat and calls for rebellion against the red queen. Near the end of the film, the hatter unsuccessfully suggests to Alice that she could stay in Wonderland and consummate his feelings for her. Critical reception to johnny depp's portrayal of the hatter was generally positive. David Edelstein of New York magazine remarked that while the elements of the character suggested by depp don't entirely come together, "Depp brings an infectious summer-stock zest to everything he does." 11 Bill goodykoontz of The Arizona republic said that "Depp is exactly what you'd. Gap-toothed and leering, at times he looks like madonna after sticking a fork in a toaster. How he finds his characters is anybody's guess, a sort of thrift-store warehouse of eccentricities, it seems like. But it works." 12 Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment weekly had a more mixed opinion and commented that Depp as the hatter is "a fantastic image, but once depp opens his mouth, what comes out is a noisome Scottish brogue that makes everything he says sound.
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Disney edit In the homework 1951 Walt Disney animated feature Alice in Wonderland, the hatter appears as a short, hyperactive man with grey hair, a large nose and a comical voice. He was voiced by people Ed Wynn in 1951, and by corey burton in his later appearances ( Bonkers, house of mouse ). Alice stumbles upon the hatter and the march Hare having an "un-birthday" party for themselves. The hatter asks her the infamous riddle "why is a raven like a writing desk? but when she tries to answer the hatter and the march Hare think she is "stark raving mad" and the hatter completely forgot that he even asked her the riddle.
Throughout the course of the film, the hatter pulls numerous items out of his hat, such as cake and smaller hats. His personality is that of a child, angry one second, happy the next. The hatter and March Hare make a cameo appearance in a painting in the tea party garden in the kingdom hearts video game and the hatter is also a greetable character at the disneyland Resort, walt Disney world Resort, tokyo disney resort, disneyland Paris Resort. This version of the character was also a semi-regular on the disney afternoon series Bonkers and one of the guests in house of mouse, where he even made a cameo appearance in one of the featured cartoon shorts. 2010 film edit The hatter appears in Tim Burton 's 2010 version of Alice in Wonderland portrayed by johnny depp and given the name tarrant Hightopp.
The April 2017 edition of Bandersnatch, the newsletter of the lewis Carroll Society Issue 172, issn 0306-84, published the following solution, proposed by puzzle expert Rick hosburn: "Why is a raven like a writing-desk?" "Because one is a crow with a bill, while the other. Is all black with a large bill, and long wings." American author Stephen King provides an alternative answer to the hatter's riddle in his 1977 horror novel The Shining. Snowbound and isolated "ten thousand feet high" in the rocky mountains, the five-year-old son "Danny" hears whispers of the malign "voice of the overlook hotel" inside his head, including this bit of mockery, "why is a raven like a writing desk? The higher the fewer, of course! Have another cup of tea!" In other media edit mad Hatter Cosplay the hatter has been featured in nearly every adaptation of Alice in Wonderland to date; he is usually the male lead. The character has been portrayed in film by Edward everett Horton, sir Robert Helpmann, martin Short, peter cook, anthony newley, ed Wynn, andrew-lee potts, and Johnny depp.
In music videos, the hatter has been portrayed by tom Petty, dero goi, and Steven Tyler. He has also been portrayed on stage by nikki snelson and Katherine Shindle, and on television by john Robert Hoffman, pip Donaghy and Sebastian Stan. In ballet adaptations, Steven Mcrae also portrayed him as a mad 'tapper'. Batman edit main article: Mad Hatter (comics) The mad Hatter (also referred to as "Jervis Tetch is a supervillain and enemy of the batman in dc comic books, making his first appearance in the October 1948 49) release of Batman. He is portrayed as a brilliant neurotechnician with considerable knowledge in how to dominate and control the human mind. He has also appeared in the batman television series, animated series and various video games.
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Carter was supposedly at one time a servitor at Christ Church, one of the University of Oxford 's colleges. This is not substantiated by university records. He later owned a furniture shop, and became known as the "Mad Hatter" from his habit of standing in the door of his shop wearing a top hat. Sir John Tenniel is reported to have come to Oxford especially to sketch him for biography his illustrations. There is no evidence for this claim, however, in either Carroll's letters or diaries. 8 The hatter's riddle edit In the chapter "a mad tea party the hatter asks a much-noted riddle "why is a raven like a writing desk?" When Alice gives up trying to figure out why, the hatter admits "I haven't the slightest idea!". Carroll originally intended the riddle to be without an answer, but after many requests from readers, he and others—including puzzle expert Sam loyd —suggested possible answers; in his preface to the 1896 edition of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, carroll wrote: Enquiries have been so often. 9 a loyd proposed a number of alternative solutions to the riddle, including "because poe wrote on both" (alluding to poe's 1845 narrative poem The raven ) and "because the notes for which they are noted are not noted for being musical notes".
3 Appearance edit The hatter introduced in Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland wears a large top hat with a hatband reading "In this style 10/6". This is the hat's price tag, indicative of The hatter's trade, and giving the price in pre-decimal British money as ten shillings and six pence (or half a guinea ). Citation needed personality edit Illustration of the march Hare, one of the hatter's tea party friends, by sir John Tenniel. The hatter and his tea party friend, the march Hare, are initially referred to as "both mad" by the distinctive cheshire cat. The first mention of both characters occurs in the sixth shredding chapter of Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, titled "Pig and Pepper in a conversation between the child protagonist Alice and the Cheshire cat, when she asks "what sort of people live about here?" to which. Visit either you like: they're both mad!" Both then subsequently make their actual debuts in the seventh chapter of the same book, which is titled "a mad tea-party". Hat making was the main trade in Stockport where carroll grew up, and it was not unusual then for hatters to appear disturbed or confused; many died early as a result of mercury poisoning. However, the hatter does not exhibit the symptoms of mercury poisoning, which include excessive timidity, diffidence, increasing shyness, loss of self-confidence, anxiety, and a desire to remain unobserved and unobtrusive. 4 Resemblance to Theophilus Carter edit It has often been claimed that the hatter's character may have been inspired by Theophilus Carter, an eccentric furniture dealer.
or he will have him. Through the looking-Glass edit The character also appears briefly in Carroll's 1871 Through the looking-Glass, the sequel to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, under the name "Hatta" - alongside the march Hare under the name "Haigha which is pronounced "hare." Sir John Tenniel 's illustration depicts. Alice does not comment on whether Hatta is the hatter of her earlier dream. Characterization edit The hatter enjoying a cup of tea and bread-and-butter, by sir John Tenniel. Etymology edit mercury was used in the manufacturing of felt hats during the 19th century, causing a high rate of mercury poisoning among those working in the hat industry. Mercury poisoning causes neurological damage, including slurred speech, memory loss, and tremors, which led to the phrase " mad as a hatter ". In the victorian age, many workers in the textile industry, including hatters, often suffered from starvation and overwork, and were particularly prone to develop illnesses affecting the nervous system, such as central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis, which is portrayed in novels like alton Locke. Many such workers were sent to pauper Lunatic Asylums, which were supervised by lunacy commissioners such as Samuel Gaskell and Robert Wilfred skeffington Lutwidge, carroll's uncle. Carroll was familiar with the conditions at asylums and visited at least one, the surrey county Asylum, himself, which treated patients with so-called non-restraint methods and occupied them, amongst others, in gardening, farming and hat-making. 2 Besides staging theatre plays, dances and other amusements, such asylums also held tea-parties.
Contents, fictional character biography edit. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland edit, the hatter character, alongside all the other fictional beings, first appears. Lewis Carroll 's 1865 novel, alice's Adventures in Wonderland. In it, the hatter explains to Alice that he and the march Hare are always having tea because when he tried to sing for the foul-tempered. Queen of hearts, she sentenced him to death for "murdering the time but he escapes decapitation. In retaliation, time (referred to as a "he" in the novel) halts himself in respect to the hatter, keeping him and the. March Hare stuck at 18:00 (or 6:00 pm) forever. When Alice arrives at the tea party, the hatter is characterised by switching places on the table at any given time, making short, personal remarks, asking presentation unanswerable riddles and reciting nonsensical poetry, all of which eventually drives Alice away.
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For other uses, see, hatter (disambiguation) and, mad Hatter (disambiguation). For the date, see. The, hatter is a fictional character in, lewis Carroll 's. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel, through the looking-Glass. He is often referred to as guaranteed the. Mad Hatter, though this term was never used by carroll. The phrase " mad as a hatter " pre-dates Carroll's works. The hatter and the. March Hare are referred to as "both mad " by the, cheshire cat, in, alice's Adventures in Wonderland in the seventh chapter titled "a mad tea-party".